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Top Science

Horizontal gene transfer in microbial communities

Researchers at the University of California San Diego have found that microbial species living on cheese have transferred thousands of genes between each other. They also identified regional hotspots where such exchanges take place, including several genomic “islands” that host exchanges across several species of bacteria. The process named horizontal …

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Light emitting transistor using carbon nanotubes

Light-matter quasi-particles can be generated electrically in semiconducting carbon nanotubes. Material scientists and physicists from Heidelberg University (Germany) and the University of St Andrews (Scotland) used light-emitting and extremely stable transistors to reach strong light-matter coupling and create exciton-polaritons. These particles may pave the way for new light sources, so-called …

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Nematodes as a force to kill insects that infect crops

Tiny eel-like creatures called nematodes are surrounding us. While they can be free-living (a cup of soil or seawater contains thousands), the most well-known nematodes are the parasitic kind that wreak havoc in people, animals and plants. Despite their reputation, scientists at the University of California, Riverside are studying nematodes …

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Dip Transform for accurate 3D Reconstruction

A global team of computer scientists and engineers have developed an innovative technique that more completely reconstructs challenging 3D objects. An ancient scientific breakthrough serves as the foundation for the team’s modern, innovative solution to remaining challenges in current 3D shape reconstruction. This new approach to 3D shape acquisition is …

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Bacterial infection could contribute to Alzheimer’s disease

Researchers in the UK have used DNA sequencing to examine bacteria in post-mortem brains from patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Their findings suggest increased bacterial populations and different proportions of specific bacteria in Alzheimer’s, compared with healthy brains. The findings may support evidence that bacterial infection and inflammation in the brain …

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