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Plant Science

Two different hydrothermal vent fields discovered

An article just published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B describes two remarkably different hydrothermal vent fields discovered in the southern Gulf of California. Despite being relatively close together, these vents host very different animal communities. This finding contradicts a common scientific assumption that neighboring vents will share similar animal …

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Nematodes as a force to kill insects that infect crops

Tiny eel-like creatures called nematodes are surrounding us. While they can be free-living (a cup of soil or seawater contains thousands), the most well-known nematodes are the parasitic kind that wreak havoc in people, animals and plants. Despite their reputation, scientists at the University of California, Riverside are studying nematodes …

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Cacao trees pass along protective microbes to offspring

Scientists at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) in Panama found that exposing baby cacao plants to microbes from healthy adult cacao plants reduced the plant’s chance of becoming infected with the serious cacao pathogen, Phytopthora palmivora, by half. “When human babies pass through the birth canal, their bodies pick up …

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Injecting the virus particles alongside chemotherapy drugs

Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine in collaboration with researchers from Dartmouth Geisel School of Medicine and RWTH Aachen University have adapted virus particles — that normally infect potatoes — to serve as cancer drug delivery devices for mice. But in a recent article published in Nano Letters, …

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Antimicrobial and antioxidant substances from mushroom waste

More than 50,000 tonnes of mushroom waste are generated in Europe each week, posing an environmental challenge for the main industries that market this product worldwide. The University of Alicante Research Group in Polymer and Nanomaterial Analysis (NANOBIOPOL) participate in the European project Funguschain to obtain high antimicrobial and antioxidant …

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