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Horizontal gene transfer in microbial communities

Researchers at the University of California San Diego have found that microbial species living on cheese have transferred thousands of genes between each other. They also identified regional hotspots where such exchanges take place, including several genomic “islands” that host exchanges across several species of bacteria. The process named horizontal …

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Two different hydrothermal vent fields discovered

An article just published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B describes two remarkably different hydrothermal vent fields discovered in the southern Gulf of California. Despite being relatively close together, these vents host very different animal communities. This finding contradicts a common scientific assumption that neighboring vents will share similar animal …

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Nematodes as a force to kill insects that infect crops

Tiny eel-like creatures called nematodes are surrounding us. While they can be free-living (a cup of soil or seawater contains thousands), the most well-known nematodes are the parasitic kind that wreak havoc in people, animals and plants. Despite their reputation, scientists at the University of California, Riverside are studying nematodes …

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